Aldercar Infant & Nursery School

Life at Aldercar Infant & Nursery School
Life at Aldercar Infant & Nursery School Life at Aldercar Infant & Nursery School Life at Aldercar Infant & Nursery School Life at Aldercar Infant & Nursery School Life at Aldercar Infant & Nursery School Life at Aldercar Infant & Nursery School
Life at Aldercar Infant & Nursery School

Tel: 01773 713428

Where the Children Are the Stars

Reading and Phonics


Excellent support for speaking and listening and for pupils’ personal development underpins the outstanding progress pupils make in their reading and writing. Reading in particular is at the heart of everything the school does, and pupils say they love to read


Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007. It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. the majority of our phonics teaching is planned using the letters and sounds programme.

We also use Rapid Phonics, which is a programme devised by Pearson, to supplement our phonics teaching and ensure we have an approach suitable for all learners.

At Aldercar we have a half an hour daily phonics session. Children are assessed and put into their correct phase.

There are six overlapping phases. The table below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance.


Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One(Nursery/Reception)

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two(Reception) up to 6 weeks

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
Phase Three(Reception) up to 12 weeks The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four(Reception) 4 to 6 weeks

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
Phase Five(Throughout Year 1) Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
Phase Six(Throughout Year 2 and beyond) Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.


 Children will read a minimum of twice a week within school. Parents are encouraged to read with their child as much as possible out of school and record this in the childs home/school book. 

 We have lots of reading books in school to interest all children. Children will read a range of fiction and non-fiction books and progress through the book bands at their own pace.  Our main reading scheme is the Oxford Reading Tree. 

 The school has also bought into an online reading scheme called 'bug club' where children can read books at home and develop their reading and comprehension skills with the games and quizzes the site provides.

 We run parent workshops throughout the year for phonics and reading to help parents work alongside their childs learning. Look out for these on the newsletters!!